About Nalchik

About Nalchik

Nalchik is the capital of Kabardino-Balkaria. Being a fairly large city, Nalchik is also a resort-like resort city of the Caucasus Mineral Waters, as well as an important intermediate point on its way to mountain attractions such as Elbrus.

The city is located on the banks of the river of the same name, at the foot of the Greater Caucasus, at altitudes from 400 to 800 meters. Nalchik suburbs stretch far to the north, closer to flat land. To the south-west of the railway station are located the rectangular blocks of the Soviet center, where the main administrative and residential buildings are concentrated; its main artery is Lenin Avenue. To the south, they move into a huge park, and then into a sanatorium and resort zone. If in the center of the city the mountains can be seen in the perspectives of the streets, then here they come up almost closely.


Officially, the city has its history since 1724, when Kabardian auls appeared in its future location. At the beginning of the XIX century a Russian military fortress was laid there, and in 1838 a settlement appeared there. In 1921, Nalchik received city status and soon became the capital of the Kabardino-Balkarian autonomy. The Great Patriotic City was occupied from October 28, 1942 to January 3, 1943 and significantly destroyed. After the war, Nalchik became a prominent industrial center, and in the 1960s, Nalchik began to develop as a balneological and mountain climatic resort.

In the 1990s, the difficult economic situation and the general instability in the North Caucasus as a whole and in Nalchik in particular led the city and resort to decline, the recovery from which was already in the second half of zero years.

The name of the city according to the generally accepted version comes from the word nal, which denotes a horseshoe in the Kabardino-Circassian and Karachay-Balkarian languages.


Nalchik has a hot-summer humid continental climate with hot summers and no dry season. The warm season lasts from late May to mid-September and the cold season from December to March. Most forms of precipitation are light rain and thunderstorms, as well as, light snow and moderate snow. Wind speeds are typically calm to a light breeze through the year.