Faculty of Medicine

Faculty of Medicine

Historical reference

On September 1st, 1966 100 young men and women have started systematic studies at the Medical Faculty. At that time there were only two departments: the normal anatomy and biology. Teaching block chemical disciplines, physics, foreign languages, social and humanities conducted relevant university departments. By the time the university had a good base for the training of medical students on general theoretical disciplines, as well as the conditions were for physical culture and sports. In 1968, for theoretical and biomedical departments it was allocated a separate three-storey building.

In the year of the opening of the Faculty of the rector of the University in the central target postgraduate medical schools were sent to 42 of the most promising medical institutions in Moscow, Saratov, Kazan, Leningrad (St. Petersburg), the Medical Faculty of the Petrozavodsk State University. Upon successful completion of research work and defended his thesis, they are subsequently accounted for the main part of the teaching staff of the Faculty.

During the first five years were opened the department of biology and histology, normal and pathological anatomy, normal and pathological physiology, microbiology, and already in 1977 at the Faculty was already 9 departments. For the organization of educational process and professors were invited to the research work of other major medical institutions of higher learning. This professor Noskov NM Dombrowski EA Baptist SA, Romenskii OJ, Gabrilowitsch IM, Lapin MD, Dubiley VV Kulchinskaya PE These scientists, who had extensive experience in higher medical school, played a positive role on the stage of the Faculty of Medicine.

In 1972, the Faculty of Medicine carried out the first issue; 115 graduates received diplomas of doctors. For 44 years (1966 – 2010) Faculty has trained more than 5,500 doctors in two specialties “Medicine” and “Dentistry”

Currently, they are highly skilled professionals, headed by hospital department, run by medical institutions (hospitals, dispensaries, health centers).

For four decades, the medical faculty has steadily expanded and strengthened; in 1976, increased intake of 150 students; in 1993 it opened a new specialty – the “Dentistry” (040,400), and in 2010 – specialty “Nursing” (060109) for the preparation of nurses managers.

Since the early 70-ies of the Faculty has launched the admission of students from foreign countries: Jordan, Syria, and later from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Lebanon, Turkey, India, Yemen, and South Korea.

During these years, significantly expanded the clinical database. It was built in a rural area of ​​a hospital complex. In modern buildings are located TB, neuropsychiatric, STI clinic, cardiology center, perinatal center and the Republican Children’s Clinical Hospital. Due to the construction of new buildings has expanded the number of beds in the network of municipal hospitals of Nalchik. Along with the commissioning of new hospitals have been renovated and expanded the old, built new clinics, antenatal clinics, two children’s clinics, two dental clinics.

Medical faculty currently consists of 17 faculties, 3 of which are medical and biological profile (normal and pathological anatomy, normal and pathological physiology, microbiology to pharmacology) and 14 clinical departments (3 therapeutic 3 surgical, children’s diseases, obstetrics and gynecology; infectious diseases with the course of dermatology, psychiatry, neurology and addiction, general practice, gerontology, public health and public health). On a specialty “Dentistry” has 4 department (preventive dentistry, pediatric dentistry, surgical dentistry and maxillofacial surgery, orthopedic stomatology). In addition, the Medical Faculty of classes conducted by teachers of other departments of the university faculties. This is mainly the Department of Humanities and economics (national history, philosophy, economy. Psychology and pedagogy, cultural studies of foreign languages, physical culture and sports, political science and sociology, as well as the Department of Biology and General Physics combination of professional and humanitarian training allows you to prepare well educated . Head physician alumni rural outpatient clinics, many are successfully working in the health care level – district physicians, internists, pediatricians, TB specialists and obstetricians.

 

The educational process at the Faculty of Medicine was formed over the years, as the foundation on which trains specialists. Methods of teaching, in principle, remain classic, constantly improving and changing only the introduction of new learning technologies. Such an approach is necessary in connection with the scientific and technical process and the ability of specialists continuously acquire new knowledge. Teaching staff organizes classes not only in the transmission of information to students how to stimulate their cognitive activity, ie, the search for new and improved forms of traditional teaching, optimization and intensification of educational process, increasing the volume and level of organization of independent work of students under the supervision of teachers.

On the first-second-year medical students, as well as in all CIS universities, study fundamental disciplines. Such as normal anatomy, normal and pathological physiology, biochemistry, histology and many others. From the 3rd year begin clinical disciplines in all major fields of modern medicine. Classrooms and laboratories are equipped with the necessary training and visual aids:. Drawings tables, dummies, teaching preparations, slides, educational films, atlases, etc. The Faculty has two computer classes to 30 jobs. In the educational process is widely used test control tasks prepared in the departments as a stage during the conversion examinations and state certification of graduates of the faculty.

The chemical and physical laboratories, students independently carry out experiments, animal experiments, dissection, as well as have the ability to independently (outside the classroom) to prepare for the next lesson. Duty teachers and technicians provide advice, help parse obscure topics, take mining missed classes. For students in the service of teaching and laboratory building has a library with a reading room, dining room, two lecture halls.

Enough equipped medical facilities in Nalchik (see above) allows students to train at the level of modern science and technology.

Starting with the 3rd year students of the Faculty of Medicine, as well as students of all higher CIS medical schools are beginning to study the clinical disciplines. First of all: internal medicine, and surgical diseases, obstetrics and gynecology. Thus, nine semesters, total of 4.5 years, the future doctors learning process takes place in various clinics at the bedside. Students are supervised by patients, write history, take part in the diagnosis are present, and are assisted in the operations master sequentially nursing and physicians’ skills in the hospital and outpatient clinics, ambulance. It has been said above traditional doctors receiving training in Russia. Hospitals and clinics (hospitals), and outpatient clinics (where the primary examination of the patient) is constantly equipped with modern medical and diagnostic equipment. Thus, the Republican Clinical Hospital has a computer rentgenotomograf in City Clinical Hospital №1 operates dialysis department.

It should be noted that in the resort town of Nalchik, a large complex of resorts, which are successfully treated many diseases resort factors: iodine-bromide and thermal waters, mud world famous Tambukansky Lake (the latter is in the territory of the Republic, 70 km from Nalchik). In one of the health centers held a successful treatment of patients suffering from bronchial asthma. Thus, the modern hospital clinical Nalchik base allows the medical faculty to teach students modern diagnostic and treatment methods.

The educational process is impossible without a systematic and methodical work. The faculty works Educational advisory board, and 6 educational commissions:

1. Block Commission humanitarian and socio-economic disciplines

2. The Commission block the natural and biomedical sciences

3. Medico-preventive and clinical disciplines Commission block

4. The Commission therapeutic disciplines unit

5. Block surgical disciplines Commission

6. The Commission dental disciplines unit

Educational-Methodical Commission work on improving all forms of educational work and contribute to the creation of continuity, coordination and integration of the teaching of the various disciplines, as well as discuss and recommend to the publication of guidelines for the various disciplines, carried out in cooperation with educational and methodical council of faculty scientific-methodical conference publication materials.

Logistics Medical Faculty.

Faculty of Medicine KBSU has classrooms, academic research laboratories, classrooms, library fund and other premises in accordance with the norms SES and GEF.

Educational programs in the field “Medicine”, “Dentistry”, “Nursing” provides 17 departments that have the appropriate material and technical base. Classes are held in the I shift into more than 100 educational and scientific laboratories. Clinical departments of the faculty are used in educational process of medical diagnostic equipment and material base of medical institutions of the republic, the area of ​​the leased premises over 3,500 m2.

In fact, implemented a form of training on the basis of the medical faculty corresponds to the stated in the license area per student benchmarking established in order approving the outcome of the licensing examination KBSU specialty “Medicine” – 25,1m2 and specialty “Dentistry” – 20m 2.

The Faculty of Medicine operates KBSU library branch, which is 77.500 volumes of medical literature. The number of volumes of educational-methodical and scientific literature on student majoring 1 – 110. The provision of educational and methodical, scientific literature is sufficient, at the level of the coefficient of 1.0-1.5. Students use e-library medical school www.studmedlib.ru.

The educational process is widely used by new information technologies and computer engineering. The Faculty has 5 classes of personal computers to 85 seats, which allows full use of the available tests Fund and 6 classes with projection equipment.

For effective implementation of modern educational process at the Medical Faculty simulators are used to simulate medical skills, a realistic model of the human body organs, anatomical posters, demonstration computer programs.

Students have the opportunity to use the computer interactive programs:

– Clinical anatomy;
– Practice Practical, 1997, Atlanta USA;
– Head and Neck Surgery;
– Anatomy of the head and neck;
– Voxel mn, 1997, Heidelberd;
– Clinical implantology “Diva-dent”;
– A series of teaching-testing programs “Test Yourself”;
– System-Targis Vektris;
– System IPS Empress;
– Ivoclar prosthetic system.

Chairs are provided with specialties typical computer test programs of All-Russian training center for continuing medical and pharmaceutical education of the Russian Federation Ministry of Health for final certification of graduates and qualification, certification exams.

Open Medical and Biological Center with the human genome laboratory animals and plants. He has the unique equipment that has no analogues in the South of Russia. The center conducts research population-genetic characteristics of the indigenous peoples of the North Caucasus. Study ethnogenomics indigenous peoples of the North Caucasus allows the study of genetic risk factors for a number of multifactorial diseases associated with the phenomenon of DNA polymorphism, which were essential to early prevention and individual approaches to drug therapy.

The university has accumulated considerable material for research in the field of gerontology. Currently under the joint work on the discovery of Kabardino-Balkarian State on the basis of the new geriatric center.

Physicians are actively cooperating with scientists from Germany, the USA, Turkey, Syria, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and other countries. Widely used and the possibility of “telemedicine” university center. Thus, the participants carried out at the university international conference of physicians have the opportunity, while in the Kabardino-Balkarian State, watching on the Internet over the course of the operation in Germany.

Social conditions are good students. Security hostel full (100%), medical services are provided KBSU clinic and dental clinic KBSU. Students have the opportunity to enjoy recreation departments KBSU in the Elbrus region and the Black Sea coast.
– System-Targis Vektris;
– System IPS Empress;
– Ivoclar prosthetic system.

Chairs are provided with specialties typical computer test programs of All-Russian training center for continuing medical and pharmaceutical education of the Russian Federation Ministry of Health for final certification of graduates and qualification, certification exams.